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Design, fabrication, and characterization of a highly nonlinear few-mode fiber

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Abstract

We present the design, fabrication, and characterization of a highly nonlinear few-mode fiber (HNL-FMF) with an intermodal nonlinear coefficient of 2.8 (W·km)?1, which to the best of our knowledge is the highest reported to date. The graded-index circular core fiber supports two mode groups (MGs) with six eigenmodes and is highly doped with germanium. This breaks the mode degeneracy within the higher-order MG, leading to different group velocities among corresponding eigenmodes. Thus, the HNL-FMF can support multiple intermodal four-wave mixing processes between the two MGs at the same time. In a proof-of-concept experiment, we demonstrate simultaneous intermodal wavelength conversions among three eigenmodes of the HNL-FMF over the C band.

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所属栏目:Nonlinear Optics

基金项目:National Key R&D Program of China; National Natural Science Foundation of China10.13039/501100001809; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities10.13039/501100012226; Swedish Research Council (VR); Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education (STINT)10.13039/501100001728;

收稿日期:2019-06-20

录用日期:2019-09-09

网络出版日期:2019-11-01

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Jitao Gao:Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, and School of Optics and Electronic Information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
Elham Nazemosadat:Photonics Laboratory, Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg 41296, Sweden
Chen Yang:State Key Laboratory of Optical Fiber and Cable Manufacture Technology, Yangtze Optical Fiber and Cable Joint Stock Limited Company (YOFC), Wuhan 430073, China
Songnian Fu:Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, and School of Optics and Electronic Information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
Ming Tang:Wuhan National Laboratory for Optoelectronics, and School of Optics and Electronic Information, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
Weijun Tong:State Key Laboratory of Optical Fiber and Cable Manufacture Technology, Yangtze Optical Fiber and Cable Joint Stock Limited Company (YOFC), Wuhan 430073, China
Joel Carpenter:School of Information Technology and Electrical Engineering, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia
Jochen Schr?der:Photonics Laboratory, Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg 41296, Sweden
Magnus Karlsson:Photonics Laboratory, Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg 41296, Sweden
Peter A. Andrekson:Photonics Laboratory, Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Chalmers University of Technology, Gothenburg 41296, Sweden

联系人作者:Songnian Fu(songnian@mail.hust.edu.cn)

备注:National Key R&D Program of China; National Natural Science Foundation of China10.13039/501100001809; Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities10.13039/501100012226; Swedish Research Council (VR); Swedish Foundation for International Cooperation in Research and Higher Education (STINT)10.13039/501100001728;

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引用该论文

Jitao Gao, Elham Nazemosadat, Chen Yang, Songnian Fu, Ming Tang, Weijun Tong, Joel Carpenter, Jochen Schr?der, Magnus Karlsson, and Peter A. Andrekson, "Design, fabrication, and characterization of a highly nonlinear few-mode fiber," Photonics Research 7(11), 1354-1362 (2019)

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